Market Structure

Monopsony Definition

Monopsony Definition

A monopsony is where there is a sole buyer of a product, but many sellers. This contrasts with the similarly named monopoly, whereby there is only one seller and many buyers.

Perfect Competition graph

Perfect Competition

Perfect Competition is a type of market structure. In short, perfect competition is a market structure whereby there are many firms that sell a similar product.

First Degree Price Discrimination

First Degree Price Discrimination

First-degree price discrimination is where a business charges each customer the maximum they are willing to pay. This price can vary from customer to customer as the business charges the very maximum in order for the customer to purchase their goods.

Price Discrimination Definition

Price Discrimination Definition

Price Discrimination is a strategy businesses use to maximise revenue. Sellers charge customers different prices based on the maximum they think a customer is willing to pay.

Monopolistic Competition Definition

Monopolistic Competition

A market that has Monopolistic structure can be seen as a mixture between a monopoly and perfect competition. Whilst monopoly and perfect competition are at completely different ends of the spectrum; monopolistic competition is somewhere in between.

monopoly game board

3 Types and 7 Causes of Monopoly’s

When looking at the causes of monopoly, it is important to first define what it is. The term monopoly originates from the Ancient Greek language. Monos, meaning “sole”. And Poleo, meaning “sell”. Roughly translated, it means “Sole Seller”. Any person or business who is the only seller in the market could be classified as having a monopoly.

Third Degree Price Discrimination Definition

Third Degree Price Discrimination

Third degree price discrimination is where a firm charges the consumer a different price based on which consumer group they are in. For example, cinema’s charge different prices to adults, seniors, and youths – whilst taxi drivers often charge a higher rate during peak hours.

Second Degree Price Discrimination Definition

Second Degree Price Discrimination

Second degree price discrimination is where a firm sells at different prices based on quantity. This may include offers such as buy two, get one free, or 20 percent off when you buy six.

Natural Monopoly Definition

Natural Monopoly Definition

A natural monopoly is a type of monopoly that occurs due to high fixed costs and a need to achieve extreme economies of scale. In other words, it is only economically viable for one business to serve the market.

oligopoly graph

Oligopoly Definition

Oligopoly is derived from the Latin ‘olígoi’ – meaning “few”, and ‘pōléō’ – meaning “to sell”. So loosely translated, it means ‘few sellers’. This is a key characteristic of oligopolistic markets as it is defined by a few firms dominating the market.