Table of Contents
Market Share: Definition, Formula & Example
What is Market Share
Market share refers to the portion or percentage of total sales or revenue in a specific market that is held by a particular company or brand. In other words, it is a measure of a company’s relative position within a particular industry or market segment.
Market share can be calculated by dividing a company’s total sales or revenue by the total sales or revenue of the industry or market segment as a whole. For example, if a company has sales of $100 million in a market that has total sales of $500 million, its market share would be 20%.
Market share is an important metric for businesses as it can indicate their level of competitiveness within a particular market, and their ability to attract and retain customers compared to their competitors. A high market share can also provide economies of scale, allowing a business to lower production costs and increase profits.
- Market share is a measure of a company’s sales or revenue compared to the total sales or revenue of the market in which it operates.
- Market share can be calculated using different methods, such as unit sales, revenue, or customer count.
- There are several types of market share, including overall market share, segment market share, geographic market share, relative market share, brand market share, and share of wallet.
Market Share Formula
The formula to calculate market share is:
Market Share = (Company’s Sales Revenue / Total Market Sales Revenue) x 100%
To use this formula, you need to know the company’s sales revenue and the total market sales revenue.
For example, if a company’s sales revenue is $10 million and the total market sales revenue is $100 million, the market share of that company would be:
Market Share = ($10 million / $100 million) x 100% = 10%
This means that the company holds 10% of the total sales revenue in that market.
Market Share Example
Let’s consider an example to illustrate the concept of market share:
Suppose there are three companies, A, B, and C, operating in a particular market. The total sales revenue of the market is $1 billion, with company A having sales of $300 million, company B having sales of $400 million, and company C having sales of $200 million.
To calculate the market share of each company, we can use the market share formula:
Company A = ($300 million / $1 billion) x 100% = 30%
Company B = ($400 million / $1 billion) x 100% = 40%
Company C = ($200 million / $1 billion) x 100% = 20%
From the above calculation, we can see that Company B has the highest market share, holding 40% of the total sales revenue in the market, followed by Company A with 30% market share, and Company C with 20% market share. This information can help each company to analyze their position in the market and make strategic decisions to improve their market share.
How to increase Market Share
Increasing market share is a common objective for businesses that want to grow and become more competitive in their industry. Here are some strategies that businesses can use to increase their market share:
- Improve product quality: Offering high-quality products or services that meet or exceed customer expectations can help businesses attract and retain customers, which can increase their market share.
- Expand product lines: Diversifying the product line by adding new products or services can help businesses attract new customers and increase their share of the market.
- Lower prices: Offering competitive pricing can help businesses attract price-sensitive customers and increase sales, which can lead to increased market share.
- Increase marketing and advertising efforts: By increasing marketing and advertising efforts, businesses can raise brand awareness and attract new customers, which can help increase their market share.
- Enhance customer service: Providing excellent customer service can improve customer satisfaction and loyalty, which can help businesses retain existing customers and attract new ones.
- Acquire competitors: Acquiring or merging with a competitor can help businesses gain a larger share of the market, especially if the competitor has a strong customer base.
- Expand distribution channels: By expanding their distribution channels, businesses can reach more customers and increase their sales, which can lead to increased market share.
It’s important to note that different strategies may work better for different businesses depending on their industry, target market, and competitive environment. A well-planned and executed strategy that takes into account the specific circumstances of the business can help increase market share and lead to long-term success.
Types of Market Share
There are several types of market share that businesses can track and analyze to understand their position within the market. Here are some of the most common types of market share:
This is the total sales or revenue generated by a company or brand in a specific market compared to the total sales or revenue of the entire market.
This is the percentage of sales or revenue generated by a company or brand in a particular market segment, such as age group, gender, or income level.
This is the percentage of sales or revenue generated by a company or brand in a specific geographic area, such as a city, state, or country.
This is the market share of a company or brand compared to its largest competitor in the same market.
This is the percentage of sales or revenue generated by a specific brand compared to the total sales or revenue of that product category.
Share of Wallet
This is the percentage of a customer’s spending that goes towards a specific brand or product category compared to their total spending.
Market Share Advantages
There are several advantages to having a high market share, including:
- Increased Brand Recognition: A high market share can lead to increased brand recognition and awareness among customers. This can help to attract new customers and retain existing ones.
- Greater Economies of Scale: A higher market share can result in greater economies of scale, which can help reduce production costs and increase profits. This can lead to a competitive advantage over smaller rivals.
- Greater Bargaining Power: A high market share can give a company greater bargaining power with suppliers, distributors, and other stakeholders. This can lead to better deals and more favorable terms, which can help to increase profitability.
- Improved Customer Loyalty: A high market share can help to build customer loyalty, as customers may perceive a market leader as being more trustworthy, reliable, and high-quality than smaller rivals.
- Greater Pricing Power: A high market share can give a company greater pricing power, as customers may be willing to pay a premium for products or services from a market leader. This can lead to higher profit margins and increased revenue.
Market Share Disadvantages
While having a high market share can provide several advantages, there are also some potential disadvantages that businesses should be aware of, including:
- Increased Regulatory Scrutiny: Companies with a high market share may attract greater regulatory scrutiny, as regulators may view them as having too much power and control over the market. This can lead to increased regulatory compliance costs and potential legal liabilities.
- Complacency: Companies with a high market share may become complacent and fail to innovate or adapt to changing market conditions. This can lead to a loss of market share to more nimble and innovative competitors.
- Vulnerability to Economic Downturns: Companies with a high market share may be more vulnerable to economic downturns, as they may have higher fixed costs and greater exposure to changes in consumer spending patterns.
- Reduced Customer Choice: A high market share can lead to reduced customer choice, as smaller rivals may be unable to compete effectively. This can lead to reduced innovation and product diversity in the market.
- Greater Risk of Antitrust Actions: Companies with a high market share may be at greater risk of antitrust actions by regulators, which can lead to fines, legal liabilities, and a damaged reputation.
Overall, while having a high market share can provide several advantages, it is important for businesses to be aware of the potential disadvantages and to take steps to mitigate these risks. This may include investing in innovation, diversifying the product line, and maintaining a strong focus on regulatory compliance and corporate responsibility.
It refers to the percentage of total sales or revenue that a company or brand generates within a particular market.
It can be calculated by dividing a company’s total sales or revenue by the total sales or revenue of the overall market, and expressing the result as a percentage.
It is important because it can provide insights into a company’s competitive position in the market and help to inform strategic decisions.
What are the different types of market share?
There are several types of market share, including overall market share, segment market share, geographic market share, relative market share, brand market share, and share of wallet.
Paul Boyce is an economics editor with over 10 years experience in the industry. Currently working as a consultant within the financial services sector, Paul is the CEO and chief editor of BoyceWire. He has written publications for FEE, the Mises Institute, and many others.