The producer surplus is the difference between what the producer sells its goods for and the minimum price it would be willing to sell for. In other words, because the producer is selling at a higher price than they would accept, a ‘producer surplus’ is created.
So what are Diseconomies of Scale? It is an economic term that defines the trend for average costs to increase alongside output. At a specific point in production, the process starts to become less efficient. In other words, it costs more to produce an additional unit of output.
In economic jargon, diseconomies of scale occur when average unit costs start to increase. The graph below illustrates that at a point Q1, average costs start to increase.
Diminishing Marginal Returns occur when increasing production further results in lower levels of output. In other words, production starts to become less efficient.
For example, a worker may produce 100 units per hour for 40 hours. In the 41st hour, the output of the worker may drop to 90 units per hour. This is known as Diminishing Returns because the output has started to decrease or diminish.
Mass production is the continuous production of standardized products, usually along an assembly line. It involves making products in large quantities so that they can be provided to the masses. This type of production is able to maintain a consistent level of quality of output, but comes at the cost of a lack of flexibility.