Macroeconomics Archives

Macroeconomics

Mercantilism Definition

Mercantilism Definition

Mercantilism is an economic policy whereby a nation aims to maximize exports and minimize the imports. It originates from the term ‘mercantile’, which refers to merchants and trade.

Economic System Definition

Economic System Definition

An economic system is a network that forms the economic relationships between individuals in society. In other words, how the people of a nation come together to create a complex whole and conduct economic transactions with each other.

Per Capita Definition

Per Capita Definition

Per capita originates from the Latin language – meaning ‘by head’, or ‘per person’. In economics it is used primarily with GDP to find measurements such as GDP per capita, real GDP per capita, GDP (PPP) per capita, and Gross National Income (GNI).

What is a trade deficit

What is a Trade Deficit

A trade deficit occurs when a nation imports more goods than it exports. In other words, a nation buys more from other countries, than it sells to other countries.

different types of money

3 Types of Money

Money is a medium of exchange. It allows two people to trade without needing what the other wants. This can come in all types and forms. So long as people trust and accept a certain form of money; it can be used as a medium of exchange. For example, gold was historically used as a form of monies. Farmers would go to market and sell their cows in exchange for a certain amount of gold. This gold could then be exchanged by the farmer for a loaf of bread from the baker.

How is Inflation Measured

How is Inflation Measured

So now we have looked at what money essentially represents, let us look at how inflation is measured. Inflation is usually measured through the CPI, which is based upon a basket of goods.

Free Market Definition

Free Market Definition

A free market is where the people in an economy are free to engage in economic activities and transactions without government interference.

What is Fiscal Policy

Fiscal Policy Definition

Fiscal policy refers to governments spending and taxation. So how much income it has coming in through taxes, and how much it has going out through spending such as welfare, defence, and education.

Gini Coefficient Definition

What is the Gini Coefficient

Simply put, the Gini coefficient is a statistical measure used to calculate inequality within a nation. Originally thought of by Corrado Gini in 1912, it is most commonly used to measure income inequality.